Volga Baikal AGRO News Update on the Low-Carbon Development Strategy !!!
The Government has approved a Strategy for the socio-economic development of Russia with a low level of greenhouse gas emissions until 2050.
Its goal is to achieve carbon neutrality with sustainable economic growth. The strategy includes two scenarios — inertial and based on the target (intensive). The key task of the latter is to ensure the competitiveness and sustainable economic growth of Russia in the context of global energy transition.
“The topic of global energy transition is extremely relevant now. The new strategy will make it possible to link the goals of the international climate agenda with the opportunities and interests of our economy,” – said Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin during an operational meeting with deputy prime ministers. The implementation of climate projects will begin next year: it is necessary not only to introduce more environmentally friendly solutions, but also to increase the absorption of greenhouse gases by our forests and other natural ecosystems, as well as to switch to the collection and processing of carbon dioxide, – he said. From 2023, it is planned to launch a system of mandatory carbon reporting for enterprises.
The strategy contains a list of activities by industry, including in agriculture. In the agricultural sector, in particular, it is planned to spread the use of slow-acting mineral fertilizers and fertilizers with inhibitors of nitrification processes: they dissolve and release nitrogen more slowly than traditional nitrogen fertilizers. It is also necessary to introduce the principles of “precision” farming, compliance with the norms and deadlines for applying fertilizers and agrochemicals.
In addition, the Strategy involves the use of technologies to increase crop yields and productivity in animal husbandry. Other measures include the development of targeted breeding for livestock breeding with a lower level of methane release; production of biofuels, the introduction of biogas complexes for the disposal of organic waste; anti-erosion and protective measures. It is also necessary to ensure the accumulation of carbon in the soils of meadows, pastures and deposits.
On the eve of the second meeting of the G20 summit, President Vladimir Putin said that, according to international experts, Russia is among the leaders of the global decarbonization process. “Over the past 20 years, the carbon intensity of our economy has decreased annually by an average of 2.7%, and this is more than in the world as a whole, and even more than in the “seven” countries,” – he said. Russia’s goal is to ensure carbon neutrality no later than 2060 and make sure that in the next three decades the accumulated volume of net greenhouse gas emissions in the country is less than in the European Union.
The Head of State also drew attention to the fact that to solve the problem of global warming, it is not enough to reduce emissions alone.
“We need to increase the absorption of greenhouse gases, and here Russia, like a number of other countries, has enormous opportunities – this is the absorbing potential of our forests, tundra, agricultural lands, seas, swamps” –
the president said. — In order to make full use of this existing potential, we plan to significantly improve the quality of forest management, increase reforestation areas, expand territories of untouched nature, and introduce new agricultural technologies.”
Thus, within the framework of the target scenario, economic growth will be possible with a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions: by 2050 by 60% from the level of 2019 and by 80% from the level of 1990. Further implementation of this scenario will allow Russia to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.