Volga Baikal AGRO TELLS the HISTORY of the DEVELOPMENT of the AGRICULTURE !!!
What is AGRICULTURE?
Agriculture is a branch of the economy that produces food products and vegetable raw materials for industry. It is subdivided into crop and livestock production.
The transition from an appropriating economy to the independent cultivation of animals and plants took place about 10-12 thousand years ago. Since then, until the scientific and technological revolution that began in the 19th century, agriculture was the main branch of the economy in which the majority of the population was involved.
Currently, thanks to advances in science and technology, less than 10% of the population in developed countries is employed in agriculture. For food security reasons, agriculture exists in all countries, although, in theory, a few countries with the most developed agricultural industries could provide food for the entire world.
Due to its specifics, agriculture cannot compete in the conditions of a modern economy, and needs state support. Without government support, only traditional agriculture can exist without the use of modern technologies and with extreme poverty of the rural population. This kind of agriculture still persists in some of the poorest countries.
In developed countries, measures of state support for agriculture are being taken, such as soft loans, state purchases of agricultural products, development of agricultural infrastructure, free training of workers in progressive agricultural production techniques, etc. State support measures can be up to 100% of the value of the agricultural product produced in the country.
At present, environmental problems associated with agriculture are becoming more and more acute: the disappearance of forests, soil erosion, soil poisoning with fertilizers and pesticides, pollution of water bodies, etc.
Growing genetically modified plants and animals with higher qualities and resistance to diseases is considered a promising direction in the development of agriculture. But on the issue of the harmlessness of such organisms for the consumer in the scientific community, there is still no general opinion.