Volga Baikal AGRO NEWS Update on the General Principles of Food Safety !!!
General principles of food safety are being created in the EAEU.
On the territory of the five countries of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), general principles and approaches to ensuring food security will operate. A document on this was signed by the Council of the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC).
In practice, this means that the EAEU countries (Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan and Armenia) will feed themselves independently, and provide themselves with food together, reducing import dependence on third countries. The risks of a shortage of any food or, for example, an abrupt rise in prices in one of the countries are planned to be “extinguished” with the help of mutual operational deliveries of food. The EEC will conduct an annual monitoring of the provision of the Union states with agricultural products and food.
Nowadays, most of the threats to food security are confronted by the EAEU countries alone. Often this leads to the fact that the measures taken by one of the countries of the Union do not take into account the capabilities of other EAEU states, Artak Kamalyan, a member of the Board (Minister) for Industry and Agroindustrial Complex of the EEC, explained to Rossiyskaya Gazeta.
“The joint implementation by countries of the provisions of the document will not only increase the level of self-sufficiency, but also minimize the risks of a shortage of food products in the EAEU, as well as take concerted actions to ensure food security,” – he said.
According to the NEO Center consulting company, trade between Russia and the other four EAEU member states grew steadily until 2020. In 2020, the volume of mutual trade temporarily decreased due to restrictions associated with the pandemic, and amounted to $ 50.5 billion (minus 14% to the level of 2019). The main importers of Russian products are Kazakhstan and Belarus, accounting for 81% of total supplies among the EAEU countries. Belarus is the main food supplier for Russia, accounting for 83% of Russia’s total exports from the EAEU countries. The largest categories of imports from Russia in the EAEU countries are: for Kazakhstan – sugar and confectionery, tobacco and various sauces (ketchup, mayonnaise, etc.), for Belarus – products of the fat and oil industry, coffee, tea, various sauces and confectionery.